a type of fat molecule, are the most common fat molecule in human body. 99% of human body fat is comprised of triglycerides. Human body stores triglycerides as a long-term energy source to be burned in the future. Formation of triglycerides requires insulin which is affected by diabetes.
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Diagnosis of high triglycerides
– 2 Fasting blood tests for accurate results
– No eating for at least 12 hours before each blood test
(remark: food – particularly fatty food – can temporarily boost triglyceride levels in the blood and skew the test results)
Triglycerides are measured in mmol/L (or mg/dl). The range includes:
Very high – over 6 mmol/L (500 mg/dL)
High – between 2 and 6 mmol/L (200 – 499 mg/dL)
Borderline high between 1.7 and 2 mmol/L (150 – 199 mg/dL)
Normal – below 1.7 mmol/L (150 mg/dL)
In many cases, high triglycerides and high cholesterol go together. This condition is sometimes known as combined hyperlipidemia 混合型高脂血症.
Having high triglycerides increases the risk developing type 2 diabetes leading to loss of vision and feeling (especially in feet and fingertips), as well as kidney disease and heart disease.
High Triglyceride levels indicate:-
1) Insulin Resistance
It indicates the system in human body for turning food into energy not working properly. A common cause of high triglycerides is insulin resistance i.e. the cells not allowing insulin, or its companion glucose to enter, resulting in both glucose and triglycerides built up in blood stream.
If overweight, eating lot of sugary and starchy foods or being lack of exercise, the insulin resistance can become worse. It is possible to reverse the tracks by following the exercise and meal plan recommended to lower triglycerides.
If glucose levels being high, but not enough to equal diabetes, it could be prediabetes. In such a case it is approaching to type 2 diabetes. When suffering prediabetes (or diabetes), it is also likely to have high triglycerides and cholesterol.
If the blood sugar levels increase to a high enough level, it is diabetes. If without treating it for long time, high blood sugar levels injure nerves and harm blood vessels, which impairs circulation. The damage can affect vision, kidneys, and even brain cells. Beyond this falling problems, diabetes might increase the risk of heart disease, blindness and bladder problems.
To lower triglyceride levels
It is critical for diabetics getting their diabetes under control. Diabetics must take action reducing the glucose and insulin in blood stream and keeping them at a constant level. In many cases, this can be helped or even entirely accomplished through exercising and eating a diet low in sugar and saturated fats.
It is possible to have high triglycerides without diabetes, and equally it is possible to have diabetes without high triglycerides. Diabetics are particularly predisposed to high triglycerides, however, due to the role of insulin and glucose in both diseases. In order to keep triglyceride levels down and to stave off the diseases accompanying high triglycerides, diabetics must control their insulin and glucose levels.
Foods to be avoided if having high triglycerides
– Alcohol – avoid or limit its consumption
– Baked Beans With Sugar or Pork Added
– Baked Goods
– Butter or Margarine
– Canned Fish Packed in Oil
– Coconut – high in saturated fats
– Fruits – limit to 2/3 pieces per day
– High-Fat Meats
– Honey or Maple Syrup
– Starchy Foods
– Starchy Veggies
– Sugary Drinks
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