Triglycerides 三酸甘油酯




a type of fat molecule, are the most common fat molecule in human body.  99% of human body fat is comprised of triglycerides.  Human body stores triglycerides as a long-term energy source to be burned in the future.  Formation of triglycerides requires insulin which is affected by diabetes.
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Diagnosis of high triglycerides
– 2 Fasting blood tests for accurate results
– No eating for at least 12 hours before each blood test
(remark: food – particularly fatty food – can temporarily boost triglyceride levels in the blood and skew the test results)

Triglycerides are measured in mmol/L (or mg/dl).  The range includes:
Very high – over 6 mmol/L  (500 mg/dL)
High – between 2 and 6 mmol/L  (200 – 499 mg/dL)
Borderline high between 1.7 and 2 mmol/L  (150 – 199 mg/dL)
Normal – below 1.7 mmol/L  (150 mg/dL)

In many cases, high triglycerides and high cholesterol go together.  This condition is sometimes known as combined hyperlipidemia 混合型高脂血症.

Triglycerides Unit Conversion     clickhere_orange


High Triglycerides

Having high triglycerides increases the risk developing type 2 diabetes leading to loss of vision and feeling (especially in feet and fingertips), as well as kidney disease and heart disease.

High Triglyceride levels indicate:-

1) Insulin Resistance
It indicates the system in human body for turning food into energy not working properly.  A common cause of high triglycerides is insulin resistance i.e. the cells not allowing insulin, or its companion glucose to enter, resulting in both glucose and triglycerides built up in blood stream.

If overweight, eating lot of sugary and starchy foods or being lack of exercise, the insulin resistance can become worse.  It is possible to reverse the tracks by following the exercise and meal plan recommended to lower triglycerides.

2) Prediabetes
If glucose levels being high, but not enough to equal diabetes, it could be prediabetes.  In such a case it is approaching to type 2 diabetes.  When suffering prediabetes (or diabetes), it is also likely to have high triglycerides and cholesterol.

If the blood sugar levels increase to a high enough level, it is diabetes.  If without treating it for long time, high blood sugar levels injure nerves and harm blood vessels, which impairs circulation.  The damage can affect vision, kidneys, and even brain cells.   Beyond this falling problems, diabetes might increase the risk of heart disease, blindness and bladder problems.


To lower triglyceride levels
It is critical for diabetics getting their diabetes under control.  Diabetics must take action reducing the glucose and insulin in blood stream and keeping them at a constant level.  In many cases, this can be helped or even entirely accomplished through exercising and eating a diet low in sugar and saturated fats.

It is possible to have high triglycerides without diabetes, and equally it is possible to have diabetes without high triglycerides.   Diabetics are particularly predisposed to high triglycerides, however, due to the role of insulin and glucose in both diseases.  In order to keep triglyceride levels down and to stave off the diseases accompanying high triglycerides, diabetics must control their insulin and glucose levels.

Foods to be avoided if having high triglycerides
– Alcohol – avoid or limit its consumption
– Baked Beans With Sugar or Pork Added
– Baked Goods
– Butter or Margarine
– Canned Fish Packed in Oil
– Coconut – high in saturated fats
– Fruits – limit to 2/3 pieces per day
– High-Fat Meats
– Honey or Maple Syrup
– Starchy Foods
– Starchy Veggies
– Sugary Drinks


Triglyceride levels and cholesterol levels
Triglycerides, like cholesterol, are a type of lipid (also called fat).  Most triglycerides in human body settle in fat tissue, where they’re used to store energy as fat.  But some triglycerides are always circulating in blood stream providing fuel to muscles.  Both cholesterol and triglycerides are indicators to be used assessing heart health and evaluating the risk of heart attack and stroke.  High levels of either will indicate a risk.

If triglyceride levels higher than 150 mg/dl (1.7 mmol/L), it’s time to take action.  Even though cholesterol and triglycerides have their differences, bringing their levels down to a proper range can be done with many of similar steps: lose weight, exercise, and limit intake of saturated and trans fats.  When it comes to lowering triglycerides, there are a few other to be focused on:

1)  Avoid sugary and refined carbohydrates, including sugar, honey, and other sweeteners, soda and other sugary drinks, candy, baked goods, and anything made with white (refined or enriched) flour, including white bread, rolls, cereals, buns, pastries, regular pasta and white rice.  Limit dried fruit and fruit juice because they are dense in simple sugar.  All of these poor–quality carbs can spike triglyceride levels.

2)  Cut back on drinking alcohol.  If having high triglycerides even small amounts of alcohol can dramatically increase triglyceride levels.

Numerous studies suggest that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol can actually lower certain cardiovascular risk factors, but triglycerides are an exception.  It turns out that drinking even a small amount of alcohol can trigger triglycerides soaring.

3)  Eat lots of fatty fish, like salmon and sardines.  They are loaded with omega–3 fats.  Unlike saturated and trans fats, omega–3 fats are heart–healthy fats that can help lowering triglyceride levels.  Additionally, research strongly suggests that omega–3s help reducing inflammation, decreasing high blood pressure, raising HDL (good) cholesterol, and thining the blood so it is less likely to clot.  Omega–3s make a great food prescription because they have a positive effect on nearly every heart–disease risk factor.

4)  Eat less, particularly high fat foods

5)  Stop smoking

6)  Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day –  Aerobic exercise seems able stopping the sharp rise of triglycerides after eating.  Because exercise decreases the amount of triglycerides released by the liver, or because active muscle clears triglycerides out of the bloodstream more quickly than inactive muscle.  Regardless, even moderate physical activity can help improving triglycerides, as well as cholesterol and blood pressure.

Things to remember
About 95 per cent of all dietary fats are triglycerides.
Once digested, triglycerides circulate in the bloodstream to be used as energy by the cells.
If you habitually eat more kilojoules than you burn, you may have raised triglyceride levels in the blood.  This is linked with an increased risk of health conditions including heart disease.
Lifestyle choices can keep triglyceride levels within the normal range.  Aim to exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet and maintain an appropriate weigh.


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