Treatment for High Triglycerides

Treatment for High Triglycerides

 

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About Triglycerides
In blood test, checking the cholesterol level, this lipid, or fat, test measures the total cholesterol, HDL (“good”) cholesterol and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol.  It also measures triglycerides, which can provide a lot about our health.  Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in human body.  Most body fat is stored as triglycerides.

The Source of Triglycerides
Food is one source of triglycerides.  Liver also makes triglycerides.  When eating extra calories — especially carbohydrates — liver increases the production of triglycerides.  The excess triglycerides produced are stored in fat cells for later use.  When they’re needed, human body releases them as fatty acids, which fuel body movement, create heat and provide energy for body processes.

Triglyceride level – National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

  • Normal                             <150 mg/dL (<1.7 mmol/L)
  • Borderline-high levels    150 to 199 mg/dL (1.7 to 2.2 mmol/L)
  • High                                  200 to 499 mg/dL (2.3 to 5.6 mmol/L)
  • Very high                         500 mg/dL and greater (5.6 mmol/L or higher) 

Care to be taken
People having a high triglyceride level need taking steps to lower it because some lipoproteins rich in triglycerides also contain cholesterol.  This can lead to atherosclerosis.  A person with high triglycerides often has other risk factors for heart disease, such as age (men over 45 and women over 55), family history, a low HDL level, or diabetes.  Very high levels of triglycerides are associated with inflammation of the pancreas.  People who are overweight or obese frequently have higher than normal levels of triglycerides.  All these conditions may increase the risk for developing heart disease or of having a heart attack or stroke.

Symptoms
High triglycerides by themselves do not cause symptoms.  In rare cases, people having very high triglyceride levels may develop inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which can cause sudden, severe abdominal (belly) pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and fever.

Treatment for High Triglycerides
Healthy diet and more exercise are the main solution to reduce triglyceride level, such as;
1)  Drinking alcohol can raise triglyceride levels.  Reduce alcohol intake.

2)  Reducing 5%-10% of weight can lower triglycerides.  Belly fat is associated with higher levels.

3)  Moderate exercise on five or more days per week

4)  Eating more fish, high in omega-3s, can lower triglyceride levels.  Fish like mackerel, lake trout, herring, sardines, albacore tuna, and salmon are high in omega-3s.

Omega-3 fatty acids are an essential fatty acid mainly found in cold-water fatty fish, such as salmon, herring, sardines, herring, albacore tuna, mackerel and trout.  The American Heart Association recommends eating omega-3 rich fish at least twice a week to reduce the risk of heart disease.  Omega-3 fats can help lowering triglyceride levels.  Avoid battered or fried fish.  Add tuna to a salad, have smoked salmon for a snack, eat a few sardines on whole-grain crackers or serving with vegetables.

5)  Reducing saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol in diet can improve triglyceride levels and help managing cholesterol.

6)  Eating foods with less carbohydrates will also help lowering triglyceride levels.
The carbohydrate-containing foods are bread, rice, pasta, breakfast cereals, muffins, granola bars, fruits, milk, yogurt, sugar and desserts.  Limit the consumption of these foods, and base the menu on non-starchy vegetables, protein foods, such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs and cheese, and healthy fats, such as avocado, olive oil, olives, coconut oil, nuts and seeds.

7)  Control Your Calories
Most people with elevated triglycerides are characterized by abdominal obesity, or a waist circumference above 40 inches (102 cm) for men or above 35 inches (88.9 cm) for women.  If this is your case, plan a menu for losing weight and drop triglyceride levels simultaneously.  Restrict carbohydrate intake, include an abundance of non-starchy vegetables, such as kale, broccoli, bell peppers, artichoke and mushrooms, and an adequate serving of protein-rich foods at each meal to keep low calories intake while feeling full and satiated.

 

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