Prediabetes or Borderline Diabetes (the “gray area”) – the initial stage of type 2 diabetes
Fasting plasma glucose: 5.5 mmol/L to 6.9 mmol/L (millimoles/liter 毫摩爾/升)
HbA1c: 42 to 47 mmol/mol (6.0 to 6.4%) (millimoles/mole 毫摩爾/摩爾)
The presence of blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classed as diabetes. It is a critical stage in the development of diabetes. Early, decisive action can slow down or even halt the development of type 2 diabetes.
People have prediabetes are unaware of it because the condition often develops gradually without any symptoms. The sufferer only learns of their borderline diabetic state once the symptoms of type 2 diabetes start to appear. Therefore, being aware of the risk factors is essential.
You should be tested for prediabetes if:
- Overweight or obese
- Have a close relative (parent or sibling) currently having or having had diabetes
- High blood pressure, low HDL (‘good’ cholesterol) or high triglycerides
- Over the age of 40
- For woman – have given birth to a baby who weighed over 9 pounds
Can prediabetes be stopped to develop into type 2 diabetes?
Prediabetes, if identified early, can be reversed, preventing them from progressing into full-blown type 2 diabetes
Following two principle factors to be considered:
- Making changes to your diet and
- Appropriate physical exercise
By making these changes, blood sugar levels can be returned to normal.
Borderline Diabetic Symptoms
- Excessive urination
- Increased thirst
- Blurred vision
- Sleeping 5-1/2 hours or less a night
Pre-Diabetes, Borderline Diabetes and Avoiding Type 2 Diabetes
Preventing Prediabetes By Eating More
What is Pre-diabetes, Learn How To Prevent Diabetes
Pre-Diabetes: Steps to Gain Control