Low blood sugar, hypoglycemia, can be a dangerous condition. Without enough glucose, human body is unable to perform its normal functions.
Blood sugar is considered low when it drops below 70 mg/dL. Immediate treatment for low blood sugar levels is important.
Patients with diabetes suffer hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) when their bodies without sufficient sugar to be used as fuel. It can happen for several reasons, including diet, medications, conditions and exercise.
If under treatment get hypoglycemia, record the date and time when it happened and what you have done. Share the record with your doctor allowing he/she to look for a pattern and adjust your medications. Call your doctor if suffering more than one unexplained low blood sugar reaction in a week.
Symptoms of low blood sugar can occur suddenly, including:
- blurry vision
- difficulty sleeping
- loss of consciousness
- pale skin
- rapid heartbeat
- skin tingling
- sudden mood changes
- sudden nervousness
- trouble thinking clearly or concentrating
- unexplained fatigue
Very low blood sugar is a medical emergency. Immediate treatmnet is to take 15 grams immediately digesting carbohydrate, such as:
- a half cup of juice or regular soda
- 1 tablespoon of honey or sugar
- 4 or 5 saltine crackers
- 3 or 4 pieces of hard candy or glucose tablets
Causes Low Blood Sugar
Low blood sugar can occur for a number of reasons, usually a side effect of diabetes treatment.
Diabetes and Low Blood Sugar
Diabetes affects human body’s ability to use insulin. Insulin is key to unlock body cells, allowing glucose in for energy. Patients suffering diabetes use a variety of treatments to help their bodies using the glucose in their blood, such as insulin injections.
If injecting too much insulin, blood sugar may drop too low. Excess physical activity without eating enough foods can also cause a drop in blood sugar level
Other Causes of Low Blood Sugar
Even without diabetes it is possible experiencing low blood sugar. Some other causes of low blood sugar include:
- a tumor that produces excess insulin
- certain medications, such as quinine
- drinking too much alcohol
- endocrine disorders, such as adrenal gland deficiency
- some medical conditions, such as hepatitis or kidney disorders
Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia