Diseases Related to Diabetes
Diabetic Nephropathy – Kidney Disease
Kidney disease amongst diabetics is commonly named diabetic nephropathy. Approximately 40% of people with diabetes will develop nephropathy.
Diabetes affects arteries of the body. Because the kidneys filter blood from many arteries, kidney problems are a particular risk for people with diabetes.
Nephropathy generally applies to te deterioration of proper functioning in the kidneys. At an advanced level, it is named end-stage renal disease (ESRD) which stems from diabetes. Diabetic nephropathy can affect people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic nephropathy is divided into five stages of deterioration, with the final one being ESRD. It commonly takes over 20 years for patients to reach stage 5.
Symptoms of kidney disease
- Becoming short of breath, when climbing the stairs for instance
- Darker urine, caused by blood in the urine
- Nausea or vomiting
- Swelling of the ankles, feet, lower legs or hands caused by retention of water
- Tiredness as a result of a lack of oxygen in the blood
To check nephropathy before the later stages developped, people with diabetes should be screened for kidney complications once a year which involves a simple urine sample testing to detect whether protein is present in the urine.
Diabetic nephropathy is the cause of chronic kidney disease which is one of the most significant long-term complications in terms of morbidity and mortality for individual patients with diabetes. Early treatment delays or prevents the onset of diabetic nephropathy or diabetic kidney disease.
Eclampsia is an acute and life-threatening complication of pregnancy characterized by the appearance of tonic–clonic seizures, usually in a woman with pre-eclampsia. Eclampsia includes convulsions and coma happened during pregnancy but not due to pre-existing or organic brain disorders.
Pancreatitis and Diabetes
It is a condition, the pancreas becomes inflamed, which can be very painful in the short term and could lead to complications including secondary diabetes. Alcohol and gall stones are the main risk factors but some medications, such as certain diabetes medications, may increase the risk of pancreatitis.
Types of pancreatitis
- Acute pancreatitis – when the pancreas becomes inflamed for up to a few days.
- Chronic pancreatitis – if inflammation of the pancreas persists over a long period of time, e.g. years.
A strong pain in the upper abdomen, where the pancreas is located.
Other symptoms include:
vomiting or diarrhoea
For chronic pancreatitis – regular pain within the upper part of the abdomen and possibly some of the following symptoms, caused by difficulty in digesting food properly:
- Bloating and wind
- Foul smelling stools
- Unexplained weight loss
- Stomach cramps