Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure (hypertension) can cause many complications of diabetes, including diabetic eye disease and kidney disease. Most people with diabetes develop high blood pressure in their life.
People with diabetes can develop high blood pressure and other heart and circulation disease more likely because diabetes damages arteries making them targets for hardening (atherosclerosis). Atherosclerosis can cause high blood pressure. If it without proper treatment can lead to blood vessel damage, stroke, heart failure, heart attack, or kidney failure.
Compared to people with normal blood pressure people with hypertension usually have:
- Coronary artery disease (heart disease)
- Heart failure
- Peripheral vascular disease (hardening of the arteries in the legs and feet)
Blood pressure at 120/80 to 139/89 is termed as prehypertension which may impact health. Studies show that people with prehypertension have a two to three times greater chance of developing heart disease over 10 years.
Blood Pressure of Diabetes Patients
People with diabetes should have a reading of no more than 140/80 (systolic/diastolic pressure).
- Systolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills the arteries with blood.
- Diastolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats, filling itself with blood for the next contraction.
When it comes to preventing diabetes complications, normal blood pressure is important similar to control of blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure has no symptoms. It is important to check blood pressure regularly. Also you should get it checked at each doctor visit.
To treat and help preventing high blood pressure:
- Control blood sugar level
- Eat healthy
- Exercise daily
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Limit salt intake
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Stop smoking