Colon polyps

Colon polyps

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Colon polyps are extra pieces of tissue that grow on the lining of the colon or rectum.  The colon and rectum are parts of the large intestine.  The etiology of colon polyp formation remains unidentified, but genetics appears to play a role.  Some polyps can turn into cancer.  Adults >50 years and those who’ve had polyps before are at higher risk.  Following factors increase the risk of generating polyps:

– eat high-fat foods
– smoke
– drink alcohol
– overweight or lead a sedentary lifestyle

Anyone can develop colon polyps if;

  • higher risk at age of 50 or older
  • overweight
  • smoker
  • with personal or family history of colon polyps or colon cancer.At the early stage colon polyps often don’t cause symptoms.

 

Types of colon polyps:

1) Adenomatous
About two-thirds of all polyps are adenomatous.  Only a small percentage of them actually become cancerous.  But nearly all malignant polyps are adenomatous.

2) Serrated
Depending on their size and location in the colon, serrated polyps may become cancerous.  Small serrated polyps in the lower colon, also known as hyperplastic polyps, are rarely malignant.  Larger serrated polyps — which are typically flat (sessile), difficult to detect and located in the upper colon — are precancerous.

3) Inflammatory
These polyps may follow a bout of ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease of the colon.  Although the polyps themselves are not a significant threat, having ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease of the colon increases overall risk of colon cancer.

 

What Are Colon Polyps?

 

What is a Colon Polyp?
Los Angeles Colonoscopy 

 

 

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