Basic Blood Chemistry Test
Basic Blood Chemistry Test for Assessment on Organ Function
The basic blood chemistry tests is for assessment of the conditions and the function of human organs.
The tests include;
- checking electrolytes, the minerals that keeps human body’s fluid levels in balance. They are necessary for the heart, muscles and other organs to work properly
- assessing blood sugar and kidney function
- measuring other substances
Tests for Electrolytes
To measure the levels of bicarbonate, chloride, sodium and potassium in human body
Sodium regulates the water quantity in human body. Also, the transmission of sodium to and from the cells is responsible for multiple body functions, such as transmitting electrical signals in the brain and in the muscles. The levels of sodium are measured for detecting the correct balance of sodium and liquid in the blood to carry out those functions.
Potassium is essential for regulating heart beats. Too high or too low levels can increase the risk of an abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmias 心律失常). Low potassium levels are also connected with muscle weakness and cramps.
Chloride, similar to sodium, is for maintaining a balance of fluids in human body. The blood becomes more acidic should there’s a large loss of chloride, preventing certain chemical reactions in human body. The same are necessary for keeping the body to work properly.
Other Substances Measured includes;
1. Blood Urea Nitrogen 血尿素氮/血清尿素氮 (BUN)
Blood urea nitrogen 血尿素氮/血清尿素氮 (BUN) is a measure on the proper function of kidneys. Urea is a waste product containing nitrogen created when the body breaks down protein. Should the kidneys are not in proper functioning, the levels of BUN will be increased in the blood. The BUN levels in the blood can also increase due to dehydration, excessive bleeding, and severe infection leading to shock 休克.
2. Creatinine 肌酸酐/肌酐
High levels of creatinine in the blood indicate that the kidneys aren’t functioning properly. The kidneys filter and excrete creatinine. If they’re not functioning properly, creatinine can be accumulated in the bloodstream. Both dehydration and muscle damage can also raise creatinine levels.
Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood generated from the foods we eat. It is the major source of energy providing fuel for human body to function. Too high or too low glucose levels can cause problems. Diabetes is the most common cause of high blood glucose levels. Some medications and medical conditions can cause high blood glucose as well.